The Montessori education was developed by Italian physician, Maria Montessori, who studied pedagogy at the University of Rome learning about educational theory. She developed Casa dei Bambini (Children’s House) in 1907, which was her first classroom in Rome.
She put many different activities and other materials into the children’s environment but kept only those that engaged them. What Dr. Montessori came to realize was that children who were placed in an environment where activities were designed to support their natural development had the power to educate themselves.
In 1911, Montessori education spread to the U.S. Dr. Montessori stated, “I did not invent a method of education, I simply gave some little children a chance to live”.
The Montessori style of education emphasizes on cognitive development and individual instruction with a child working at his or her own pace. Children are encouraged to teach and collaborate with one another and a child is an ACTIVE, rather than passive, participant in learning.